Welcome to the Namib Naukluft Park with the oldest and most beautiful Desert in the World
The Namib-Naukluft Park is a national park in Namibia that includes part of the Namib Desert (the oldest desert in the world) and the Naukluft Mountains. With a total area of 49,768 km2, the Namib-Naukluft is the largest wildlife park in Africa and the fourth largest in the world. The most famous area of the park is Sossusvlei, the main visitor attraction in Namibia.
A surprising collection of creatures, including snakes, geckos, unusual insects, hyenas, rams and jackals, has been preserved in the hyperarid region. Mist comes in more moisture from the Atlantic than rain. The average rainfall of 106 millimeters per year is concentrated in February and April.
The winds that bring in the fog are also responsible for creating the park’s towering sand dunes, whose burnt orange is a sign of their age. The orange color develops over time when iron is oxidized in the sand, like rusty metal. The older the dune, the lighter the color.
These dunes are the highest in the world and tower over 300 meters above the desert floor. The dunes rejuvenate near the coast and lagoons, wetlands and mud flats attract hundreds of thousands of birds.
“Namib” means “open space”, and the Namib Desert gave its name to Namibia – “land of open spaces”. The park was founded in 1907 when the German colonial administration declared the area between Swakop and Kuiseb a game reserve. The current boundaries of the park were established in 1978 by the amalgamation of the Namib Desert Park, the Naukluft Mountain Zebra Park and parts of Diamond Area 1 and some other parts of the surrounding government.
The Naukluft Park has some of the most unusual animal and nature reserves in the world and covers an area of 49,768 km2. It is an area larger than Switzerland (41,285 km2), roughly the size of the US states of New Hampshire and Vermont combined. The region is characterized by high, isolated island mountains and Kopjes, which consist of dramatic blood-red granites that are rich in feldspar and sandstone. The easternmost part of the park extends over the Naukluft Mountains.